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Current Affairs Quiz: April 14-15, 2019



Updated On - Monday, 15 April 2019

When is Himachal Day celebrated?

Answer: 15th of April

On April 15, it is celebrated as Himachal Din. Himachal Pradesh was formed on April 15, 1948. Public holiday is on April 15 in Himachal Pradesh.

Background

After independence was April 15, 1948 as the province of Himachal Pradesh was formed Chief Commissioner. Later on January 25, 1950 Himachal was made the "C" category. Thereafter, on November 1, 1956 Himachal Pradesh was declared a Union Territory. In 1966, the hilly areas of Punjab were included in Himachal Pradesh. The Parliament passed the Himachal Pradesh Act on December 18, 1970 and on 25th January, 1971 the Himachal Pradesh came into existence as the complete state. Himachal Pradesh was the 18th state of India.

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh literally means "snow covered area". Himachal Pradesh is located in the northern part of India. In its north, Jammu-Kashmir, Punjab in the west, Haryana in south-west, Uttarakhand in the south-east and Tibet in the east. Total area of ??Himachal Pradesh is 55,673 sq. Km. The official languages ??of Himachal Pradesh are Hindi and Sanskrit. At present, Himachal Pradesh Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur, whereas Himachal Pradesh Governor Acharya Debavrat is.

 

 

What year was the incident of Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

Answer: On 19th April, 1919, hundreds of innocent people were killed in Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. This is the most tragic massacre in India's history.

Background

The British government had passed the Rulelet Act to suppress the Indian revolutionaries, without the appeal, people without reason could be put in jail under this Act. Gandhiji started the campaign against this law. Against this law united people in different parts of the country protested. Two national leaders arrested Satyapal Singh and Saifuddin Kichalu. People were gathered in Jallianwala Bagh against their arrest. On the orders of General Dyer of British Rights, the soldiers launched indiscriminate firing on innocent people. According to the records of the British government, 379 people died in this incident and thousands of people were injured. According to the Indian National Congress, about 1,000 people died in this incident.

 

 

Which international agency recently released a report called "State of World Population 2019"?

Answer: United Nations Population Fund

Recently, the United Nations Population Fund released the "State of World Population 2019" report. Key points of the report

  • Between 2010 and 2019, India's annual population growth rate is 1.2%, it is almost twice the annual population growth rate of China.
  • In 2019, India's population has reached almost 1.36 billion.
  • China's population has reached 1.42 billion in 2019.
  • China's population growth rate was 0.5% between 2010 and 2019.
  • In 1969, the reproductive rate of women was 5.6, in 1994 it decreased to 3.7 and in 2019 it was 2.3.
  • India has made significant improvements in the life expectancy rate at birth, it was 47 years in 1947 and now it has reached 69 years in 2019.
  • In 1994, there was 488 deaths per 100,000 live births per birth of maternal mortality in India, in 2015 this rate is 1,00,000 live births per 174 deaths.

 

 

Which country is associated with the recently held Beresheet Spacecraft?

Answer: Israel

Israel has failed, recently Israel's Beresheet Spacecraft has crashed on the Moon's surface. Israel's Beresheet Spacecraft was being landed on the Moon's surface, due to the failure of the main engine and communication at that time, shortly before the touch down, the spacecraft crashed on the surface of the Moon. The event was broadcast live on Israeli TV and social media.

Space X's Falcon 9 rocket flew with SpaceIL's Lunar Lander from Florida. If this mission was successful, then Israel would have been included in the list of countries like Russia, America and China, who have successfully controlled landing on the surface of the Moon.

Israel's Moon Mission

  • Significantly, funding of this mission has been done with the amount donated, it is the world's first private lunar lander mission. The cost of this project is 100 (approximately Rs 700 crore).
  • The name of the spacecraft is named berrace, its weight is 585 kilograms.
  • This spacecraft will reach the moon and send photos of the rocky ground and use it on the moon's magnetic field.
  • In the Hebrew language, the name of this spacecraft is named Berashett in the context of the Bible's first word "In the beginning". Landing on the Moon
  • Firstly the Soviet Union landed on Moon with Luna 2 in 1959.
  • After this year, the US launched Ranger 4 on the Moon's surface.
  • Luna 2 and Ranger 4 were hard landing i.e. both these spacrafts were hit on the Moon's surface.
  • America and the Soviet Union for the first time controlled soft landing on the moon in 1966.
  • The third country to have a soft landing on the moon is China, China has landed Changye 3 in 2013 on the Moon surface.

SpaceIL

SpaceIL is a non-profit company, it was founded eight years ago to participate in the Google Lunar X prize. In the Google Lunar X prize competition, sending high-definition video from the Moon's surface, live transmission, construction of private spacescrew which travelled 500 meters in any direction. But in 2018 the program was cancelled because none of the remaining five teams could meet the deadline till March.

 

 

Which University scientists have recently discovered a new state of matter?

Answer: University of Edinburgh Scientists at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, have discovered a new state of matter through powerful computer simulation, this condition being called "chain melted state". Earlier it was believed that there may be only three stages of matter: solid, liquid and gas.

Chain melted state

  • Chain melted state contains atoms in both solid and liquid states at the same time.
  • Scientists found during research that the excessive heat and pressure on potassium was formed after the formation of Jalinuma structure while some part was in the liquid state.
  • More than half a dozen substances, including sodium and bismuth, may be able to create this new state.
  • The topic of the use of this new substance is being researched right now.

 

 

Who has been appointed the new Secretary of Defence recently?

Answer: Gargi Kaul, an official of the 1984 batch of Indian Accounting and Audit Service, has been appointed as the new Defence Secretary Gargi Call.

 

 

Who is the first captain to win 100 matches in IPL recently?

Answer: Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Chennai Super Kings captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni has become the first captain to win 100 matches in the history of IPL. This achievement he achieved with victory in the Super Kings match against Rajasthan Royals on April 11, 2019. Dhoni has captained 166 matches in IPL, out of 100 matches his team has won. Gautam Gambhir is in second place in the list of most captains in the IPL, Gautam Gambhir has won 71 matches so far. Dhoni has won the title of IPL three times as captain. As a batsman, Mahendra Singh Dhoni has scored 4172 runs in 182 matches in the IPL. It includes their 21 fifties.

 

 

In which country was the HUMO Luzionesis invented?

Answer: Philippines

Recently scientists have discovered a new species of ancient humans in the Philippines. This ancient human species has been named Humeo Luzionensis after the name of Luzon Island. Tus and bones of this new human species have been found in Luzon Island, it has been excavated in the Black Cave. It is estimated from the small size of the bones that the height of the people of this species will be less than four feet. These relics are from 50,000 to 67,000 years old. It is believed that the species was probably contemporary of species such as Homo sapiens, Nandirthals, Denisovans and Homo fluorescensis.

 

 

Which Indian has recently been selected for Russia's highest civilian honor "Order of the Saint Andrew the Apostle"?

Answer: Narendra Modi

The Russian Embassy in India recently released the statement for the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi will be honored with the "Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew", Russia's highest civilian honor. This honor is being given to Prime Minister Modi to strengthen the strategic partner between India and Russia and promote friendship between the two countries. Foreign leaders to be honored with this honor are: Azerbaijan's President, Hyder Aliyev, President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and China's Xi Jinping.

Recently the United Arab Emirates announced the award to the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the highest civilian honor, "Zayed Madel". This is the eighth international honor of Prime Minister Modi.

 

 

Which country will be the Guest of Honor at the Abu Dhabi International Book Fair?

Answer: India

India will be the Guest of Honor country at 29th Abu Dhabi International Book Fair. This book fair will be organized from April 24 to 30. This book fair will showcase the rich heritage, culture and modernity of the United Arab Emirates. In this fair, the compositions of major Indian writers will be presented in Indian pavilion.

 

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