> Home / Latest General Knowledge / General Knowledge Detail

World Geography Digest 18 Feb 2019

Demography: The study of human populations, including how they change due to births, deaths, aging, and migration.

Life expectancy: The average age to which a person in a given population can expect to live.

European Union: A group of 28 countries working together on shared issues, once a decision or vote is held. All countries must follow the decision that was made

Trade bloc: A group of countries that work together to promote trade with one another

Supranational cooperation: Countries give up some control of their affairs as they work together to achieve shared goals

Transboundary pollution: Pollution that starts in one country and crosses boundaries into other countries

Acid rain: Rain that can damage the environment because it contains acid from factory smoke, car exhaust and burning fossil fuels

Ethnic group: A group of people in a country who shares a unique culture and identity

Nationalism: Feeling of loyalty and pride towards ones nation or ethnic group

Marginal Land: Land that is not well suited for growing crops.

Desertification: The process by which land becomes more and more dry until it turns into a desert.

Gender-based division of labor: The division of work into two categories based on gender or whether you are male or female

Drought: An unusually long period in which little or no rain falls

Mantle: The middle layer of earth that lies between the core and lithosphere

Magma: Molten, or liquid, rock that lies beneath earth's crust

Tectonic Movement: The movement of plates below earth's surface

Lava: Molten, or liquid, rock that flows out of a volcano

Micro- enterprise: A very small business

Nonrenewable resource: A resource that takes so long to form that it can't be replaced. Oil, which takes millions of years to form, is such a resource.

Renewable resource: A resource that can't be used up or that can be replaced quickly as it is used up. Sunlight is a renewable resource that cannot be used up. Wood is a renewable resource that can be replaced by planting more trees.

Water stress: The condition that occurs when people do not have enough clean, fresh water to meet their everyday needs

Salinization: The buildup of salt in soil or water

Monsoon: A strong seasonal wind

Outsource: To hire someone outside a company to do work that was once done inside the company. Information technology has made it possible to outsource jobs to businesses in other countries.

Comparative advantage: The ability of one country to produce a good or provide a service at a lower cost or more effectively than another country

Acclimatize: The process of adjusting to lower oxygen levels at high elevation.

Zero population growth: A condition in which the population of a country does not grow but remains stable. This condition comes about when the birth rate plus immigration equals the death rate plus emigration.

Rate of natural increase: The annual rate of population growth. This percentage is calculated by subtracting the death rate from the birth rate. It does not include people moving into or out of a country.

Arable Land: Land that is suitable for farming

Deposition: The process by which rocks, sand and sediment are deposited by the forces of erosion

River Basin: The area drained by a river and its tributaries

Lake Tana: Source of the Blue Nile

Purpose of the Aswan High Dam: To control flooding by regulating the flow of the river and supply water for irrigation throughout the year

Benefits of hydroelectric dams:

  • Recreation
  • Flood control
  • Water storage
  • Irrigation
  • Electrical generation

How oases are created:

  • By a spring bubbling up to the surface
  • Rainwater pooling in a low spot
  • Artificially by humans

Causes of desertification:

  • Drought
  • Depletion of soil through the growing of cash crops
  • Deforestation

Desertification most threatens: Marginal lands

In Africa, MEN or WOMEN are better educated and earn more money that women?: Men

Causes of poverty in Africa:

  • Disease
  • Drought
  • Civil War

Ethnic groups of Nigeria:

  • Hausa-Fulani (29%)
  • Igbo (18%)
  • Yoruba (21%)
  • Other (32%)

 

What is the important legacy of British rule in Nigeria?: Cultural Conflict

What is the most important economic activity in the Niger River Delta?: Oil Production

Apartheid: The former official South African policy of separating people according to race; it gave most of the political and economic power to whites

Apartheid ended, what happened to the distribution of political power in South Africa?: It shifted. African National Congress (ANC) became South Africa's most powerful political party. 

Primate city: The largest and most important city in a country; has a least twice the population of the next largest city; it is the center of power and national culture

What physical feature are most primate cities located by?: Body of water

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): Purpose is to ensure a steady supply of oil and a steady income

Where is Mount Everest located?: Nepal's Sagarmatha National Park

What is significant about Mount Everest?: it is the tallest mountain in the world

What physical feature in Japan has most affected population distribution?: Mountains

Terracing: The creation of flat areas on mountain slopes for the purpose of farming.

Entrance Exam Notice Board 2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)
Exam Date : 05/08/2022 Last Date : 03/31/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Central Universities Entrance Test (UG) (CUET- UG)
Exam Date : Last Date : 05/06/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Central Universities Entrance Test (PG) (CUET- PG)
Exam Date : Last Date : 06/18/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHTCET)
Exam Date : 06/11/2022 Last Date : 04/23/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Master of Architecture Common Entrance Test (MAH MArch CET)
Exam Date : Last Date :
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Master of Hotel Management and Catering Technology Common Entrance Test (MAH MHMCT CET)
Exam Date : Last Date : 04/20/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra LLB Common Entrance Test (MAH LLB CET)
Exam Date : 06/07/2022 Last Date : 04/12/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Master of Computer Application Common Entrance Test (MAH MCA CET)
Exam Date : Last Date : 04/20/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Master of Business Administration Common Entrance Test (MAH MBA/MMS CET)
Exam Date : Last Date : 04/20/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Master of Education Common Entrance Test (MAH-MEd CET)
Exam Date : 05/19/2022 Last Date : 04/07/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra Bachelor of Physical Education Common Entrance Test (MAH BPEd CET)
Exam Date : 05/11/2022 Last Date : 04/07/2022
Entrance Exam Notice Board
All India
Maharashtra BEd- MEd Integrated Common Entrance Test (MAH BEd MEd CET)
Exam Date : 05/09/2022 Last Date : 04/07/2022
More...