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Indian Nobel Personalities

Dadabhai Naoro Ji

Born- September 4, 1825
Died-
June 30, 1917 (aged 92) 

Dadabhai Naoroji was born in a poor Parsi family in Mumbai. He was known as the Grand Old Man of India .He was elected president of the Indian National Congress at its second session held in Calcutta in 1886. He was the first Indian to be elected a member of the House of Commons in England on a ticket of Liberal Party. Twice again, in 1893 and in 1906, he was elected president of the INC.

 

Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Born- 1890
Died-
January 20, 1988 (aged 97-98) 

Ghaffar Khan was born in village Uttamazai (now in Pakistan) in a Pathan family.He was known as the 'Frontier Gandhi'. He was a nationalist Muslim leader of the North-West Frontier Province. He first started a militant organisation known as the 'Red Shirt', and later on joined the non-violent Civil Disobedience Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi.

 

Amir Khusrau

Born- 1253
Died-
1324-1325 (aged 72) 

Yamin-ud-Din Muhammad Hasan, better known as Amir Khusrow (or Khusrau) Dehlawi was an Indian musician, scholar and poet. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. A Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, Amir Khusrow was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and seminal musician. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. He was born in 1253 at   Patiali near Etah in northern India.

 

Anand Mohan Bose

Born-  September 23, 1847 

Died- August 20, 1906 (aged 59-60) 

He was a prominent Indian public man in his times. He was born in Kishoreganj District, Bangladesh. He was the first Indian to be aWrangler of Cambridge University in 1873. He was the founder-secretary of the Indian Association which was established in Calcutta in 1876, and presided over the 14th session of the Indian National Congress.

 

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Born- September 11, 1895

Died- November 15, 1982 (aged 87) 

Vinobha Bhave was born in Ghagode village in Raigad District, Maharashtra. He was disciplined student of Gandhiji and he followed all the principles of Gandhiji namely truth, non-violence and village reconstruction. Vinobha was convinced that unless the gap between the haves and have notes was bridged, Ramraj was not going to be achieved in real sense. He devoted his life to social welfare, founder of the Bhoodan movement.

 

Ashutosh Mukherjee

Born- June 29, 1864

Died- May 25, 1924 (aged 59) 

Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee, CSI was a prolific Bengali educator and the second Indian Vice Chancellor of the University of Calcutta for four consecutive two-year terms and a fifth two-year term. He was born at Bowbazar in Kolkata. He was an eminent lawyer and educationist. He was certainly a maker of modern Bengal, if not of India, by virtue of his eminent services to the cause of education.

 

Aurobindo Ghosh

Born-  August 15,1872 

Died- December 5, 1950 (aged 78) 

Aurobindo Ghosh was a great scholar, mystical poet, yogi and an aggressive Indian nationalist. He was actively involved in the politics of India. He is well known for his incredible contribution in the freedom struggle of our country. He came up with an entirely new system of spirituality. He called his pathway to spirituality the 'integral yoga. He was was born in a Bengali Hindu family in Calcutta, West Bengal, India.

 

Bhagat Singh

Born-  September 28, 1907 

Died- March 23, 1931 (aged 23) 

Known as Shahid-e-Azam. Founded Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Exploded bomb in Central Legislative Assembly at Lahore on April 8, 1929. He was arrested and sentenced for life. He along with Sukh Dev and Shivram Rajguru, was hanged on March 23, 1931 for participating in Lahore conspiracy.

 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Born- July 23, 1856 

Died- August 1, 1920 (aged 64) 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak in the village of Chikhal in Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra, was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and independence activist who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.

 

Anand Mohan Bose

Born- September 23, 1847 

Died- August 20, 1906 (aged 59-60) 

He was a prominent Indian public man in his times. He was born in Kishoreganj District, Bangladesh. He was the first Indian to be aWrangler of Cambridge University in 1873. He was the founder-secretary of the Indian Association which was established in Calcutta in 1876, and presided over the 14th session of the Indian National Congress.

 

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Born- September 11, 1895 

Died- November 15, 1982 (aged 87) 

Vinobha Bhave was born in Ghagode village in Raigad District, Maharashtra. He was disciplined student of Gandhiji and he followed all the principles of Gandhiji namely truth, non-violence and village reconstruction. Vinobha was convinced that unless the gap between the haves and have notes was bridged, Ramraj was not going to be achieved in real sense. He devoted his life to social welfare, founder of the Bhoodan movement.

 

Ashutosh Mukherjee

Born-  June 29, 1864

Died-  May 25, 1924 (aged 59) 

Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee, CSI was a prolific Bengali educator and the second Indian Vice Chancellor of the University of Calcutta for four consecutive two-year terms and a fifth two-year term. He was born at Bowbazar in Kolkata. He was an eminent lawyer and educationist. He was certainly a maker of modern Bengal, if not of India, by virtue of his eminent services to the cause of education.

 

Aurobindo Ghosh

Born-  August 15,1872 

Died- December 5, 1950 (aged 78) 

Aurobindo Ghosh was a great scholar, mystical poet, yogi and an aggressive Indian nationalist. He was actively involved in the politics of India. He is well known for his incredible contribution in the freedom struggle of our country. He came up with an entirely new system of spirituality. He called his pathway to spirituality the 'integral yoga. He was was born in a Bengali Hindu family in Calcutta, West Bengal, India.

 

Bhagat Singh

Born- September 28, 1907 

Died- March 23, 1931 (aged 23) 

Known as Shahid-e-Azam. Founded Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Exploded bomb in Central Legislative Assembly at Lahore on April 8, 1929. He was arrested and sentenced for life. He along with Sukh Dev and Shivram Rajguru, was hanged on March 23, 1931 for participating in Lahore conspiracy.

 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Born-  July 23, 1856 

Died- August 1, 1920 (aged 64) 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak in the village of Chikhal in Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra, was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and independence activist who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.

 

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Born- April 14, 1891 

Died- December 6, 1956 (aged 65) 

Ambedkar was born in the town and military cantonment of Mhow in the Central Provinces (now in Madhya Pradesh).He was the leader of the Scheduled Castes.In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labor Party. In the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly his party won 15 seats. Ambedkar oversaw the transformation of his political party into the All India Scheduled Castes Federation, although it performed poorly in the elections held in 1946 for the Constituent Assembly of India.

 

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

Born-  December 10, 1878

Died- December 25, 1972 (aged 94) 

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, informally called Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian lawyer, independence activist, politician, writer and statesman. Rajagopalachari was the last Governor-General of India. He was born in a village, Madras.

 

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Born- December 3, 1884 

Died- February 28, 1963 (aged 78) 

He was the first President of the Republic of India. Born in Bihar, educated at the Calcutta Universty, he began his career as an advocate and soon commanded a very large practice at Patna High Court. Prasad became the president of Congress in 1934, 1939 and 1947, a minister in Nehru's cabin.

 

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Born- May 9, 1866
Died-
February 19, 1915 

Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the pioneers of the Indian national movement. He was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. Gokhale gave voice to the aspirations of millions of Indians who were looking for freedom from the British rule. He  entered public life in 1886 at the age of 20. He delivered a public address on "India under the British Rule", which was highly appreciated. Gokhale regularly contributed articles to Bal Gangadhar Tilak's weekly "Mahratta". Through his articles he tried to awaken the latent patriotism of Indian people. He was born in  in Kothluk village of Guhagar taluka in Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra, a state on the western coast of India that was then part of the Bombay Presidency.

 

Govinda Ballabh Pant

Born- September 10, 1887 

Died- March 7, 1961 

The celebrated Sanskrit grammarian, was the author of Ashtadhyayi. He was one of the leading members and leaders of the Indian National Congress. He became the Chief Minister in his native province of Uttar Pradesh after independence. He was born in Khoont village of Shyahi Devi hills in District Almora.

 

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

Born- September 26, 1820 

Died- July 29, 1891 

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar CIE, born Ishwar Chandra Bandopadhyay, was an Indian Bengali polymath and a key figure of the Bengal Renaissance. He was in Kolkata.

 

Jamshedji Tata

Born- March 3, 1839
Died-
May 19,1904 (aged 65) 

Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was an Indian pioneer industrialist, who founded the Tata Group, India's biggest conglomerate company. He was born to a Parsi Zoroastrian family in Navsari then part of the princely state of Baroda.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Born- October 2, 1904
Died-
January 11, 1966 (aged 61)

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born  in Moghalsarai, United Province (Uttar Pradesh). He shares his birthday with Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. Lal Bahadur was against the prevailing caste system and therefore decided to drop his surname. The title "Shastri" was given after the completion of his graduation at Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi in 1925. The title "Shastri" refers to a "scholar" or a person, adept in the "Holy Scriptures". 

 

Lala Lajpat Rai

Born- January 28, 1865
Died- November 17, 1928 (aged 63)

Popularly known as Lala Lajpat Rai, Founded the Indian Home League Society of America, became Congress President in 1920. Lala Lajpat Rai was born in village Dhudike, in present day Moga district of Punjab. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the foremost leaders who fought against British rule in India. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari (Lion of the Punjab). He died of injuries caused by police lathi-charge while leading a demonstration against Simon Commission at Lahore in 1928. 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Born- October 2, 1869
Died- January 30, 1948

Mohandas Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement. He was born in Porbandar, a coastal town which was then part of the Bombay Presidency, British India. Gandhi spent twenty years in South Africa working to fight discrimination. It was there that he created his concept of satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting against injustices. While in India, Gandhi's obvious virtue, simplistic lifestyle, and minimal dress endeared him to the people. He spent his remaining years working diligently to both remove British rule from India as well as to better the lives of India's poorest classes.

 

Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit

Born- August 18, 1900
Died- January 30, 1948 (aged 90)

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was born in Allahabad in what was then the United Provinces (later, Uttar Pradesh) and was given the name Swarup Kumari ("Beautiful Princess") Nehru. She was a talented daughter of Pandit Motilal Nehru. She held many high offices after Indian independence including the post of India's High Commissioner in England (1955-61) and India's Ambassador to the U. S. S. R. as well as to the U. S. A.


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