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Indian Folk Painting

Mithila painting

Mithila painting is the main painting of Bihar and Nepal of India. Mithila painting is also called Madhubani painting. It was developed as a home painting.

It was started in the form of Rangoli, but in modern times, its paintings also started on clothing, paper and walls. Its main feature is the pictures of Hindu Goddess-Gods, scenes, trees, religious paintings. Dark colors are used in this. It is famous in Madhubani, Purnia, Saharsa, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur district of Bihar and it is also famous in Nepal's Janakpur area.

 

Rangoli

Rangoli is the ancient folk painting of India. These festivals, festivals, pooja, fasting, marriage etc. are made during festivals. It is mainly made on earth.

The history of Rangoli is in the Indus Valley Civilization period. Rangoli was of great importance in the Vedic period too. Rangoli is known as' Chowk Purnana 'in Uttar Pradesh,' Kolam 'in Kerala,' Arifan 'in Bihar', Rangwali in Karnataka, 'Mandna' in Rajasthan, 'Alpana' in Bengal, 'Adupanna' in Himachal Pradesh, '' Thapa 'and' Aapan 'are known in Maharashtra as' Rangoli' etc.

 

Hill painting


It is influenced by the Rajput style of Indian painting and this painting has little influence on Mughal painting. It is famous in Jammu, Kangra of Himachal Pradesh, Garhwal area of ??Uttarakhand. Female and male love is its main feature.

 

Mewari painting


Painting of Mewar is an ancient and attractive painting. In this, lines, colors and forms are combined in a very balanced manner. It is famous in Rajasthan's Udaipur, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand district.

 

Kalighat painting

Kalighat painting developed in Kalighat near West Bengal's West Bengal. In this, the paper is painted with deep water colors. There are pictures of Hindu deities and goddesses.

The Bengali literature of the pictures of the Kalighat has had a big impact on Bengali culture. There are also pictures of social topics.

 

Warli painting

Warli painting is the main painting of Maharashtra's Warli tribe. This is a world renowned painting. In this painting, pictures of social topics are prominent in addition to the Goddesses. Warli painting is mainly painted on festivals.

The Warli tribe is found in Thane district of Maharashtra. It is essentially made at the time of marriage in the Warli tribe. Earlier it was made on the walls but now it has started to be spread on clothing and paper. This art has been practiced by a person named Mash. He carried this art out of Thane. Shivram Goghere, Sharat Valghani are other prominent painters.

 

Yamuna Ghat painting

This painting is the main painting of Mathura in Uttar Pradesh. It was built on temples. Its history is very ancient. Although it has been influenced by Mughal painting, it is still one of the most beautiful painters.

It contains painting related to the life of Lord Krishna, such as Machan theft, Raslila, Prem-Leela etc. Apart from the walls of the temples, it is also made on paper and clothing.

 

Pattachitra 


Pattachitra  is a major painting of Odisha. It was developed from the 15th to the 16th century. It is made on face, clothes, palm leaves. In it, the picture of Jagannath Bhagwan, his sister Subhadra is prominent.

 

Tearing picture

Tearing pictures are the main pictures of Bhilwara of Rajasthan. It is related to deities and deities. This is 700 years old painting.

 

Gond Art


Gond Art is the art of Gond tribe, which is a major in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. It is more prominent in the Godavari region and Santal pargana.

 

Artificial painting

Pictures made from artificial painting pen are called. It is mainly known in Andhra Pradesh. It is famous in Srikalahasti and Masulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh. It was developed in the Vijayanagar empire and the Golconda kingdom.

 

Tanjore painting

This painting is famous in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Bengal. The legendary stories are depicted in a face-to-face manner. The stories of heroes have also been depicted in this.

 

Other major styles

Similarly, other major styles of painting in India are also prominent. In it there are prominent names like Alpana, Jain style, Buddhist style, Apabhishas style, Bengal style, Jaipur style, Bikaner style, Malva style, Kishangarh style, Kota-Bundi style, Kangra-Guler style, Basauli style, Garhwal style etc.

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