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Career in Teaching

Since time immemorial, teaching has been considered as one of the noblest professions. Teachers have always played the role of catalyst for social changes in the society.

Mankind has always regarded teachers as a boon to the society because it’s only a teacher who by making use of his/ her intelligence, patience and wisdom attempts to not only polish the learner's intellect and aptitude but also takes steps to shape up a  multi-faceted  personality.

Teaching has always held a place of pride in Indian social milieu and ethos. Right from the famous ancient teachers like Vashisht, Dhaumya, Dronacharya, Kripacharya and Parashurama, religious teachers and preachers like Adi Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa down to modern day educationists like Dr.Radhakrishnan, Sir Ashutosh Mukherji, Prof. Meghnad Saha, Shri J.C. Bose, Dr. Satyendranath Bose, Dr. Amartya Sen (US resident and Nobel Laureate) not forgetting our former president Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam,teachers have by and large been venerated held in high esteem by the pupils of all age group s and fields of study. The keynote of our culture has always been: Acharya Devo Bhava (the teacher is God).

Our country is developing towards education but not developed so there are lots of possibilities in teaching sectors. You can present yourself as a responsible teacher and you will respect, money plus improvement of own knowledge. There are numerous educational organizations are working in sectors and they are always waiting for a good teaching faculty. You may involve in educational institutes from lower section to higher section and up to colleges and universities. Either you may join a private or government institution to start a career. Being an experienced teacher you may gain both fame and money.

Nature of Work
The work of a teacher varies according to the level of the job and the institution.

  • Nursery level and kindergarten level: The teacher is responsible for social, emotional and intellectual growth of the children. They introduce children to basic science, numbers and languages and train them to use their hands and co-ordinate their limb movement, develop their natural talents by engaging them in sing-along rhymes, help in handling educational toys and material for painting, drawing, music and clay modelling.
  • Junior School level: The teachers instruct students between the age groups of 7 to 12 from class 1 to class 7. These teachers take classes almost for every subject.
  • Secondary School level: The secondary school teachers instruct students from 8th to 12th standard. Usually they deal with one particular subject in which they specialise. In addition to the subject they teach they have to take the responsibility of framing of school education programs and have to look after extra curricular activities like sports, drama and school outings. They have to interact with parents in school faculty meetings, prepare lesson plans, help students in their project work, prepare and correct test assignments etc
  • College and University level: In universities or colleges there are lecturers and professors who specialise in a particular field. They give lectures, guidance and help the students in their academic and research work. Those who have organising ability have a further scope to become a principal, vice-chancellor in the management level.
  • Special schools: A challenging area in the field of teaching is that of dealing with children having physical and mental handicap and learning disabilities. The work is emotionally and physically demanding which needs a lot of patience. They have to work in close association with parents and medical professionals like speech therapist physiotherapist etc. It is different from the normal teaching norms as each child needs special care depending on his/her disability. This work is emotionally and physically demanding therefore specialized training and skill is needed here to deal with specific problem.
  • Academic Administrator: Management College, school and university administrators such as Principals, Vice Chancellors and Members on the Board of Management branch off from teaching to become administrators. It includes planning of time tables, organising activities and interacting with parents and authorities.

Demand in the market
Now we are going to change our hobby in to profession so we are indicating market because we do profession in the market. We will be a professional teacher. There are numerous public sectors and government institutions are demanding for experienced teachers. Public sectors institutions are affiliated to education boards such as State education boards, CEBSE, ICSE etc. degree and PG colleges belonging to state and central universities and many private universities.

Professional Courses

  • Pre-primary: Most polytechnics are vocational training centres conduct training for pre-school teachers. The preferred eligibility is Class XII with 50% aggregate. Personal attributes are, however, more important. There are Montessori teacher training schools which are privately owned in some large cities.
  • Primary teacher training: Teachers with diplomas in education / Bachelors in education teach the primary classes. Graduates of Home Science also serve as primary teachers
  • Secondary and senior secondary teachers: Teachers having B Ed Degrees after graduation are called Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs), after post graduation they are called post graduate trained teachers (PGTs). This training is imparted in teacher's training colleges.
  • Some universities offer these courses through correspondence: For in service teachers to get trained. There are contact programmes for giving practical orientation. In 1996, the National council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has regulated the training of teachers. Correspondence/distance education courses are meant for teachers who are currently working.
  • Lecturers: College lecturers require a good academic record with at least 55% or an equivalent grade at master's degree level in the relevant subject from an Indian University or a foreign University. The eligibility test for lecturers, National Eligibility Test (NET), is conducted by UGC, CSIR or similar tests accredited by the UGC. The State level test SLET is for appointments within the state. The promotion is based on performance, duration of service, and research publications.
  • Nursery teachers: Training of 1-2 years at Polytechnics/ Vocational Training Institutes.
  • After Graduation: (Any school subject), a Bachelors in Education (B Ed) for TGT Grade Jobs
  • After Post graduation: (Any school subject), B Ed for PGT grade jobs.
  • After Post graduation / M.Phil: Take the NET/ SLET Exam for College Teaching
  • After B.Ed: One can go for M.Ed

Job Responsibilities
Being a teacher, you will be endowed with certain responsibilities such as preparing lessons for students on a regular basis, delivering lectures to the students as per the academic schedule, preparing and conducting tests for the students and evaluating their performance on a regular basis, preparing home assignments for the students, holding interactive sessions with the students, staying updated with course advancements and new research taking place in your subject area and solving student’s doubts and difficulties in the subject.

Career Prospects
Depending upon the educational qualification and skills, teachers can work as specialists in the field of adult Literacy, remedial and self-enrichment education or become professors of colleges and universities, teachers of preschool, kindergarten, elementary, middle and high schools, tuition teachers, teachers of performing arts such as music, dance or teachers of defense techniques and martial arts.

Primary or junior level teachers can get around Rs 5000 - Rs9000 per month. The high school or senior school teachers can draw a salary ranging between Rs 15000 and Rs20000 per month. The salary would be higher with experience. The salary of college and university professors may range around Rs25000 - Rs35000 per month.

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